What is Makar Sankranti, Why it Celebrated, History and Facts behind Uttarayan!

Let you know this Makar Sankranti that What is Makar Sankranti, even why we celebrate makar sankranti also which of these are done on makar sankranti. All at once in this Article so Read this full, Hope this will help you out to Understand that why makar sankranti is celebrated across the Country.

You Know India is the Land of the Festivals. Yes this Proverb isn’t false! Because nearly 2000 Festivals are Celebrated across the India every year by different Culture, by different Caste people. And Behind all these festivals, there are not just tradition or customs, behind each and every festival there is hidden all the things related to knowledge, science, nature, health and Ayurveda.

Here just Look at the What is Makar Sankranti 2023 Festival, a festival celebrated by Hindus every year on 14 or 15 January, it is celebrated when Sun enters Capricorn in the month of Pausha. Although Sankranti comes 12 times in a year in every zodiac sign, but its entry in Capricorn(Makar Rashi) and Cancer(Kark) has special significance. Due to the increasing speed with which the day becomes longer and the night becomes shorter due to the entry of the Sun in Capricorn. While the entry of Sun in Cancer makes the night longer and the day shorter.

So now let’s Get the Entire information about What is Makar-Sankranti, why we celebrate makar sankranti, Even how to celebrate makar-sankranti, plus what is the traditional name of makar sankranti in India..

What is Makar Sankranti 2023 | History

makar sankranti image | What is Makar Sankranti
What is Makar-Sankranti

To know What is Makar-Sankranti, According to Hindu mythology, on this special day Lord Surya visits his son Lord Shani, at that time Lord Shani is representing Capricorn. This festival is determined according to the movement of the Sun and due to the Sun entering Capricorn from Sagittarius, this festival is known as ‘Makar-Sankranti’ and ‘Devdan festival’.

When the sun’s speed is Uttarayan, it is said that from that time nectar starts raining from the sun’s rays. Every year the festival is celebrated on 14th January. It is believed that on this day all the gods and goddesses change their form and come to bathe in Prayag, the confluence of Ganga-Yamuna-Saraswati. That’s why Ganga bath and charity have special importance on this occasion.

To celebrate the healthy relationship between father and son, despite their differences, importance was given to Makar-Sankranti. It is believed that when a father visits his son on this special day, their conflicts get resolved and positivity is shared with happiness and prosperity.

Apart from this, there is another legend tale of this special day, which is related to the life of Bhishma Pitamah, who had got this boon that he would die at his own will. When he was lying on the bed of arrows, he was waiting for the day of Uttarayan and he took his last breath on this day and thus he got salvation on this particular day.

The Science Behind the Uttarayan :

Scientifically, on the afternoon of 22nd December, Suryadev is at the Tropic of Capricorn. This position is called the position of South Solstice. This day is the longest night in the Northern Hemisphere. From this day the cold starts increasing very fast and till Makar-Sankranti the cold is very strong. On January 14, Sun leaves Sagittarius and enters Capricorn. Because of entering Capricorn, this day is called Makar-Sankranti and after this day the Sun starts moving towards the north direction i.e. towards Gemini. For this reason Uttarayan starts from the day of Makar Sankranti(What is Makar-Sankranti). With the onset of Uttarayan, the effect of cold starts reducing gradually.

The order of movement of the Sun in the north direction lasts for about six months i.e. till 21st June. On June 21, when the sun is at the northern extreme point, then again there is a state of solstice, it is called Uttara Ayananta. June 21 is the biggest day. After this, till the Kark Sankranti, the heat takes hold in full force. After this, after the Sun enters the Cancer sign, the Sun becomes Dakshinayan and gradually the heat starts decreasing.

You Know The Scientific Importance Of Makar Sankranti❓

What is Makar Sankranti: So Here you will know that what is the importance of makar-sankranti and It is in Scientific Way that How and what is the importance of makar-sankranti in the eyes of Science!

It is said that when the Sun enters Capricorn, then Makar Sankranti(What is Makar-Sankranti) is formed, but apart from this, there are many changes. Makar-Sankranti is related not only to religion but also to other things, in which along with scientific association, there is also association with agriculture. Surya is considered the deity of all the planets.

Sun affects all 12 zodiac signs, but Sun’s entry in Cancer and Capricorn is considered beneficial. The day of Makar-Sankranti has long been deemed as being extremely lucky. All auspicious works will begin starting from this day!

Talking about the scientific importance of Makar-Sankranti, evaporation takes place in all the rivers during this period. This action is considered helpful in curing many types of diseases. On this day it is said to bathe in rivers, so that you stay away from diseases or your physical weakness ends.

The Historical Importance of Makar Sankranti 2023…

1. According to mythological belief, on this day Lord Surya himself goes to his house to meet his son Shani. Since Shani Dev is the lord of Capricorn, hence this day is known as Makar Sankranti.
2. In the Mahabharata period, Bhishma Pitamah had chosen Makar-Sankranti only to leave his body.
3. On the day of Uttarayan, Ganga ji met Bhagirath while going through the hermitage of Kapil Muni in the ocean.
4. When Yashoda ji fasted for the birth of Krishna, the God Sun was making his debut in the Uttarayan period(What is Uttarayan) and Makar Sankranti was on that day, since then it’s being considered the Start of the trend of Makar Sankranti fast .

And The Ayurvedic Importance of Makar Sankranti…

Apart from religious and scientific importance, Makar Sankranti also has Ayurvedic significance. Sankranti is also called Khichdi. On this day, things made of rice, sesame and jaggery are eaten. Consuming things made of sesame and jaggery is beneficial for health. Consumption of these things also strengthens the immune system.

What is the Best Muhurta of Khichdi on Makar Sankanti🙄 :

What is Makar Sankranti: The tradition of eating Khichdi on Uttarayan is in many parts of the country, hence it is also called Khichdi festival. But there is a belief that eating khichdi on Sunday makes one poor. In such a situation, If Makar Sankranti(What is Makar Sankranti) will be celebrated on the date of 15th which is on Sunday for Example, then how will we eat khichdi on Sunday?

One solution for this is that on January 14, Uttarayan is starting in the evening, in such a situation, Sankranti will be valid after noon. That’s why after 12 o’clock on January 14, after making khichdi, you can offer khichdi to the family deities. And you can take the prasad of khichdi, this will reduce Shani dosha and you will be able to follow the tradition of khichdi.

It would be best to eat sesame and jaggery on January 15, this will improve the condition of the planet Sun and you will get the auspicious results of the Sun.

Makar Sankranti Puja Vidhi/Worship Method on Uttarayan 2023🪔

makar sankranti image/What is Makar Sankranti
What is Makar Sankranti

After known of What is Makar Sankranti, let’s know the Puja vidhi on Uttarayan.. People who believe in this special day worship Uttarayan in their homes. The worship method for this day is shown below-

  1. First of all, before starting the worship, take out the Punya Kaal Muhurta and Maha Punya Kaal Muhurta, and clean and purify your place of worship. So this worship is dedicated to the Sun God.
  2. After this, 4 black and 4 white matchstick laddus are kept in a plate. Also keep some money in the plate.
  3. After this, the next ingredients rice flour and turmeric mixture, betel nut, betel leaves, pure net, flowers and incense sticks are kept in the plate.
  4. After this, black matchsticks and white matchstick laddoos, some money and sweets are offered to God in a plate for God’s prasad.
  5. After offering this prasad to Lord Surya, his aarti is performed.
  6. Women keep their heads covered during worship.
  7. After this the Surya Mantra ‘Om Haram Hreem Hraum Sah Suryaya Namah’ is chanted at least 21 or 108 times.
  8. Some devotees also wear, or start wearing, 12 Mukhi Rudraksha during worship on this day. Ruby Gemstone is also celebrated on this day.
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How to Celebrate Makar Sankranti?😎

What is Makar Sankranti: Here are We giving the Details on How to Celebrate Makar Sankranti or What to do on Uttarayan Festival…

  1. Well There is a Big Attraction of Uttarayan that Flying a Kites from Morning to Evening constantly, People also forget to Lunch sometimes and flying kites with full enthusiasm, But you know not only this…
  2. On Makar Sankranti, One should take a dip in the Ganges or holy rivers on Uttarayan. Or one should bathe by mixing sesame and Ganges water in water.
  3. It is considered good to donate warm clothes and blankets to the needy people on Makar Sankranti. This removes the adverse effect of Shani Dev.
  4. Sesame and jaggery laddus are donated on Makar Sankranti. On this day there is special importance of donating khichdi of urad dal and eating khichdi. This gives the blessings of Sun and Saturn.
  5. Arghya is offered to the Sun on Uttarayan. Red flowers, cloth, wheat, Akshat and betel nut should be put in Arghya. Sun is Uttarayan on this day and the door of heaven opens. That’s why this worship has special importance.

What Not to do on Makar Sankranti?🤔

After knowing What is Makar Sankranti and What to do on Makar Sankranti festival or say How to Celebrate Makar Sankranti, But now we also have to know that What not to do on Uttarayan Festival, Let’s see:

Do not eat vindictive food – vindictive food should not be consumed on Makar Sankranti. This has a bad effect on health. Things like meat, garlic, onion should not be consumed on this day. Only pure food should be taken on Makar Sankranti.

Do not insult the poor- Do not insult any poor or helpless person on this day. By doing this one becomes a partner of sin. No one should say bad words on this day. If someone comes to ask at home, he should not be returned empty handed.

Do not drink alcohol- Drinking alcohol on Makar Sankranti has a bad effect on life. This can worsen the economic situation. Consuming alcohol or liquor on this day can take away happiness and prosperity from home.

What is makar sankranti called in different states of india?

We got What is Makar Sankranti but now let’s know what is the celebration calles across the India. So let’s We get the Information of a mass that what is makar sankranti called in different states of india, Which is important to know also.. Here we discussed fully by different states of India Makar sankranti called by which name!

Lohri: In Haryana and Punjab, it is celebrated as Lohri a day earlier on January 13 itself. On this day, while worshiping Agnidev, sesame, jaggery, rice and roasted maize are offered. Along with this traditional corn bread and mustard greens are also enjoyed.

“Dan Ka Parv” / “Khichdi”: In Uttar Pradesh, it is primarily a ‘Dan Ka Parv’. Magh Mela, which takes place every year for a month at the confluence of Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati in Allahabad, starts from the day of Makar Sankranti. In entire Uttar Pradesh, this fast is also known as Khichdi and the Khichdi fair is organized at Gorakhdham place in Gorakhpur.

Bihar: Makar Sankranti is also known as “Khichdi” in Bihar. Donating urad, rice, sesame, chiuda, cow, gold, woolen clothes, blanket etc. on this day has its own importance.

Tamil Nadu: A four-day festival known as Pongal is celebrated on the occasion of Makar Sankranti in Tamil Nadu.

It is celebrated in Gujarat(what is the traditional name of makar sankranti in gujarat) and Rajasthan by the name of Uttarayan. In Gujarat, a kite-flying tournament is organised on this day, and everyone there takes part with a joy. Kite festival is organized in Gujarat on the occasion of Makar Sankranti.  This is a very big festival in Gujarat. During this, there is also a national holiday of 2 days.

In Bundelkhand, especially in Madhya Pradesh, the festival of Makar Sankranti is known as Sakrat. This festival is celebrated with great pomp in Madhya Pradesh as well as Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Sikkim with sweets.

Maharashtra: On this day in Maharashtra, all married women donate things like cotton, oil and salt to other married women on their first Sankranti.

Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh: In Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, it is known by the name of Makar Sankramama. Which is celebrated here as a 3-day festival Pongal. This is a big event for the people of Andhra Pradesh. In Telugu it is called ‘Penda Panduga’ which means big festival.

Bengal: In Bengal there is a tradition of donating sesame after bathing on this festival. A huge fair is held here every year in Gangasagar.

Kerala: In Kerala, on this day, people perform rituals for 40 days as a big festival, which ends at Sabarimala.

Rajasthan: In Rajasthan, on the occasion of Uttarayan, married women worship and resolve auspicious things and donate them to fourteen Brahmins.

“Magh-Bihu” or “Bhogali-Bihu”: In Assam Makar Sankranti is celebrated as Magh-Bihu or Bhogali-Bihu.

It is celebrated in Haryana and Himachal Pradesh by the name Magahi.

Assam: In the Name of Magh Bihu is celebrated in the villages of Assam.

In Kashmir the Festival is celebrated and known as the Name of Shishur Sankrant.

What are the names of Makar Sankranti Festival in Abroad :

What is Makar Sankranti: Apart from India, Uttarayan is also popular in other countries, but there it is known by a different name.

  • In Nepal it is called Maghe Sankranti. In some parts of Nepal itself, it is also known as Magahi. and Here it is celebrated as a festival of crops and farmers.
  • In Thailand it is celebrated by the name of Songkran.
  • In Myanmar it is known as Thingyan.
  • In Cambodia, it is celebrated by the name of Moha Sangkran.
  • In Sri Lanka it is known as Ulavar Thirunal.
  • In Laos it is known as Pi Ma Lao.

Hope Now you will never need to go for to Read any of Article about What is Makar Sankranti and why we celebrate makar sankranti or why Uttarayan is celebrated and also figure out that how to celebrate makar sankranti.. So Happy Makar Sankranti 2023 to you and your family, Fun and Fly kites safe without harm any of kind and have a fan on this Makar Sankranti 2023 Day! Thank you for reading Article, if you found this helpful then kindly share this to your friends!🤗

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